Reporting health in the Nigerian Press….


Recently I was involved in a conversation with a colleague who writes on health issues in South Africa. We discussed about the healty and vibrant debate that went on in the South African press during the tenure of the erstwile Minister of Health in South Africa. Dr. Mantombazana ‘Manto’ Edmie Tshabalala-Msimang will be remebered for her emphasis on treating South Africa’s AIDS epidemic with vegetables such as garlic and beetroot, rather than with western antiretroviral medicines. We talked about the debates about acces to anti retrovirals and to Mbeki’s stubborn stance on HIV/AIDS. I felt her pride in the role of the South African press in shaping the discourse.

She asked me…how the press reported health in Nigeria.

…mmmh….well…sadly Apart from Chukwumah Muanya who writes for the Guardian, I cannot point to any other journalist in the Nigerian press who has consistently reported health stories and put the often difficult issues into pespective.

So for all its worth, I looked for the stories that have appeared over the past few weeks. Sadly …at least 95% of press stories in the Nigerian press report what our public officers say. No critical analysis, no context, no perspective….just what the Minister says!

Find below a small fraction of what the Minister of Health has said…courtesy of the Nigerian press:

1. Vanguard: Osotimehin Enjoins Nigerians to Donate Blood Voluntarily

2. The Sun: Health minister declares war on tobacco

3. World news: Osotimehin – Sustained Funding Will Hasten Elimination of Malaria

4. Thisday: Osotimehin – Nigeria’s Battle Ready for Malaria

5. Vanguard: Oshotimehin advocates for community participation in health

6. Vanguard: Professor Babatunde Osotimehin has tasked the media to sustain the high level of awareness about the A(H1N1) Influenza among the citizenry of the country.

….if the the purpose of a free press in a democracy is to guarantee free and open debate and discussion…it is not happening in Nigeria….and it is NOT the Minister’s fault!

Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed people can change the world; indeed it is the only thing that ever has…Margaret Mead

Chikwe Ihekweazu is an epidemiologist and consultant public health physician. He is the Editor of Nigeria Health Watch, and the Managing Partner of EpiAfric (, which provides expertise in public health research and advisory services, health communication and professional development. He previously held leadership roles at the South African National Institute for Communicable Diseases and the UK's Health Protection Agency. Chikwe has undertaken several short term consultancies for the World Health Organisation, mainly in response to major outbreaks. He is a TED Fellow and co-curator of TEDxEuston.

Discussion2 Comments

  1. “No critical analysis, no context, no perspective….just what the Minister says!”, and then they make endless courtesy calls on each other. Nigerian Newspapers and gutter journalism by by Hajiya Hafsat M. Zanna is a good read.

  2. Goes to show the low level of understanding about health and the broader issues that affect population health.
    But then we have the academics who should be more knowledgable and thus help to provide analyses which will educate the population. What are they doing? The health correspondents too should aspire to educate themselves on health (not just medical) issues so that they can write more meaningful and educative reports

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